Edgar Allan Poe was born in 1809 in Boston and died in 1849 in Baltimore. He is credited with developing the Gothic horror story, and being a significant early forerunner of the science-fiction form. Edgar Allan Poe, as well as Herman Melville and Nathaniel Hawthorne, contributed to creating the subgenre of Dark-Romanticism.
In order to understand and appreciate Poe’s work, it is necessary to understand the literary movement within which it was written (Romanticism), as well as the influence Gothic literature exerted on his fictions.
The word Gothic originally describes a style of European architecture (primarily employed in churches) which flourished from the 12th through the 16th centuries. Gothic architecture used pointed arches and vaults and narrow spires, stained glass windows, intricate patterns; and varied details. Its upward movement was meant to suggest heavenward aspiration.
Feelings and emotions :
The Gothic style expressed the essence of the Catholic faith, concerned with creating a sense of the numinous (sacré), of the presence of God. The style, with its pointed arches and spires, was meant to inspire a feeling verticality and elevation, as if the building was reaching up towards heaven.