Chapter One | The Founding of The United States of America
From Colonial America to The Declaration of Independence
A| The Beginning: Jamestown, The Mayflower, Plymouth Colony and the Pilgrim Father
In 1607, John Smith founded the Jamestown settlement which was the first permanent settlement in the Americas.
In 1620, the Mayflower dropped anchor in the north of the territory around the mouth of the Hudson River.
The Mayflower: the ship in which the Pilgrim Fathers sailed from Plymouth in England to what is now the US, in 1620.
The Pilgrim Fathers: The 102 English people who sailed to America on the Mayflower in 1620. Their group included 35 Puritans whose aim was to create a safe religious community in the New World. The Pilgrims probably landed at Plymouth Rock, and they established Plymouth Colony.
What is a Puritan?
A member of a Protestant group of Christians in England in the 16th and 17th centuries who wanted to worship God in a simple way. Puritans believed in strict moral behaviour and were associated with the Parliamentary party during the Commonwealth of Oliver Cromwell. Because of this they were treated badly after the Restoration of King Charles II, and many left Britain to settle in the US, where their simple way of life and religious discipline became an important influence on American culture.
What is Thanksgiving?
Thanksgiving is associated with the time when Europeans first came to North America. In 1620 the ship the Mayflower arrived, bringing about 150 people who today are usually called Pilgrims. They arrived at the beginning of a very hard winter and could not find enough to eat, so many of them died. But in the following summer Native Americans showed them what foods were safe to eat, so that they could save food for the next winter. They held a big celebration to thank God and the Native Americans for the fact that they had survived.